Many countries have prohibitions on extraditing their own citizens built into their constitutions. Others refuse to extradite their citizens as a matter of policy. All countries can refuse to extradite whoever they please. It often depends on the country requesting whether the requested country will extradite or not. The UK will extradite its citizens to the United States. But it won’t extradites its citizens to Russia or to India despite extradition treaties being in place with both those countries.

Here are some of the countries that refuse to extradite their citizens:


Brazil’s constitution forbids the extradition of Brazilian citizens. This includes naturalized Brazilians provided the offence the extradition is requested for occurred after naturalization. The Brazilian authorities can prosecute suspects wanted abroad in Brazil in co-operation with foreign authorities. This  is almost unheard of and presents legal challenges.


The Portuguese constitution states under article 33, “The deportation of Portuguese citizens from Portuguese territory is not permitted.” This applies to naturalized Portuguese citizens as well as native born Portuguese. In one famous case covered in The Extradition Report, the Portuguese authorities refused to extradite a convicted murderer to the US. The convict had escaped from prison on the US. He acquired Portuguese citizenship while on the run. Extradition was refused under the Portuguese constitution because he was a Portuguese citizen.


Venezuela will refuse to extradite its citizens. This is protected by the Venezuela constitution. Extradition from Veezuela is regulated by section 69 of its constitution. This contains a blanket prohibition on the extradition of Venezuelan nationals.


In 2018, 2 Russian nationals were poisoned in Salisbury, England. This was considered attempted murder by the British authorities. Three suspects were identified. The suspects were Russian citizens. By the time they were identified they’d returned to Russia. The UK issued Interpol red notices for the suspects. However, as Russia doesn’t extradite its own citizens they will never face prosecution in the UK provided they remain on Russia.


Germany does not extradite its own nationals. There may be some exceptions under the EU arrest warrant. Even then, other EU countries are required to return a German national to Germany following conviction. German law states that a German national can only be extradited if the wanted person and a German judge consent to it.


There is very little extradition traffic between China and the rest of the world. China will refuse to extradite its citizens overseas. Moreover, it would be very uncommon for another country to extradite a person wanted by China.


Roman Polanski, a famous film director, is wanted in the US for child sex crimes. He’s wanted for an offence committed in the 1970s. As Polanski is a French citizen, he’s able to live and work openly in France without the fear of extradition. France will refuse to extradite its own citizens.


Israel will not extradite its own nationals. The only exception is for offences committed prior to becoming an Israeli citizen. Under Israel’s Law of Return any Jew can become a citizen of Israel.


The Austrian constitution prohibits extradition of Austrian nationals. Therefore Austria will refuse to extradite any Austrian national accused of a crime overseas.

Cape Verde

Cape Verde will not extradite its own citizens. The African country has a constitutional prohibition against the extradition of its own nationals. We provide a method to get instant Cape Verdean citizenship in Second Passport Blueprint.


Greece does not extradite its own citizens. This applies to anyone who’s a Greek citizen when the extradition request is made. Greece has a citizenship by investment programme. It’s possible to obtain Greek citizenship following a few years of residency there.


The extradition of Polish citizens is prohibited under the Polish constitution. The French film director, Roman Polanski, who’s wanted by the US was making a film in Poland in 2015. The US made an extradition request for Polanski while he was in Poland. However as Polanski also had Polish citizenship, the Polish authorities refused the US extradition request for Polanski.


A second citizenship can provide insurance against extradition. When you’re wanted by another country you’re not safe just because you happen to be in a non-extradition country. If you haven’t planned things carefully you’ll be at risk of deportation. Deportation is always the easiest option for countries. It’s the most common way that fugitives are returned to their own countries. Having a citizenship from a country that doesn’t extradite is the best insurance policy you can have against extradition.

What does refuse extradition mean?

Every country can refuse to extradite a wanted person from their territory. If extradition s refused the wanted person can continue to live freely in the country where he’s located.

Can a country refuse to extradite someone?

Yes. With the right strategies in place this is possible to achieve.

On what grounds can a country can refuse extradition?

There are many reasons a country can refuse to extradite. Extradition is a complicated area of international law. For a non nonsense, easy to read guide by extradition expert Richard Barr, see The Extradition Report.

Why would a country refuse to extradite?

There are many reasons such as dual criminality and the offence not being a crime in the country the request is made to. Prison conditions in the requesting country can be a factor too.

How long can someone be held in jail awaiting extradition?

This varies by country. There are strict time limits on how long someone can be held pending extradition. The requesting country normally has no more than 90 days after a suspect is held to file an extradition request.

5 Countries With no Extradition to the US in 2023

5 Countries With no Extradition to the UK in 2023

How to Get an Interpol Red Notice Removed



How do international fugitives avoid extradition?

Sometimes for decades.

International extradition is little understood. But increasingly important. As the world becomes more regulated and political it’s easier than ever to fall foul of laws that seek to punish victimless  ‘crimes’. The statute books are full of pointless laws for victimless crimes. These so called crimes are pursued vigorously by prosecutors.

People are arrested for things they say on social media. The US regularly extradites people from around the world to face lengthy prison sentences for obscure crimes. Crimes that most people don’t even know exist.

Middle Eastern countries have people arrested for unpaid debts. Some countries persecute people for their political opinions or for exposing government crimes such as the cases of Julian Assange and Edward Snowden. If you don’t know what you’re doing you can end up being detained for months or even years in a hell hole foreign prison.

That’s why I wrote The Extradition Report. I want to help people stay free. I’ve been helping high net worth clients for years to develop strategies to protect their freedom and their wealth. There’s nobody with more practical knowledge of these topics. This is information you NEED to know.

The Extradition Report 2023 is the only practical guide that offers definite legal strategies for anyone concerned about international extradition. It seeks to inform those that want to know about their options.

This Could be Your Most Important Insurance Policy

It will help you build a back-up plan that covers every eventuality. Including getting residency permits overseas.

More importantly you will have peace of mind and know your options.

Maybe you’re already entitled to a citizenship from a country that refuses to extradite its own nationals…

It’s possible to make yourself almost completely bulletproof. You will be prepared for any eventuality. Even although you may never need to use the information contained in this report, everyone should know their options.

But a second passport is only one potential tool. It may not be possible for everyone. There are many more practical tools and strategies

In The Extradition Report you’ll learn:

tick  Why There’s No such thing as an International Arrest Warrant

tick  Why simply moving to a country with no extradition treaty is not enough by itself. Some countries that DO have extradition treaties may be safer.

tick  The ONE thing that’s a bigger concern than extradition and will leave you with  ZERO options if you’re not thoroughly prepared in advance

tick   A Key tool that fugitives use to communicate internationally

tick   The TRUE story of the international fugitive who escaped from a US prison and gained 2 new citizenships. How he stayed on the run for years and his new country REFUSED to extradite him despite being CONVICTED of murder in the  USA. We detail exactly how he was able to do it.

tick    How to live a low-key and rewarding life.

tick    The 3 strategies anyone can use to avoid extradition.

tick     The ONE thing you must never do if you’re wanted by the authorities.

tick     The secret strategies fugitives have used successfully for decades to avoid extradition. They still work today.

tick     EVERY country that doesn’t have an extradition treaty with the United States, The UK, Canada, and Australia.

And much, much more…



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